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    ANDISHE ESLAMI 2 PDF - download ketabeh andisheh eslami 2. Identifier AndishehEsslami2. Identifier-ark ark://t7tn27m5v. Scanner Internet Archive HTML5. download ketabeh andisheh eslami 2. Identifier AndishehEsslami2. Identifier-ark ark://t7tn27m5v. Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader. Index of /document/e-jozve/andishe eslami 2. Name, Size. [DIR], Parent Directory , -. [ ], page marphersicanap.cf, 53K. [ ], page marphersicanap.cf, 53K. [ ], page marphersicanap.cf, 63K. [ ], page marphersicanap.cf

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    Andishe Eslami 2 Pdf

    ANDISHE ESLAMI 2 PDF - download ketabeh andisheh eslami 2. Identifier AndishehEsslami2. Identifier-ark ark://t7tn27m5v. Scanner Internet.

    Kesida According to some Muslim authors, Islamic taxation is so defined: It constitutes a very important source of income for Islamic state throughout history. A religious person evaluates escaping religious tax as a sin while a law-abiding person considers tax evasion as illegal only. Inincome tax was legislated in Briton for the first time [6]. In secular systems, no such provisions are made because moral issues are not considered in tax legislations. It goes without saying that ordinary taxation such as tax on consumption purchase or unit tax brings about tax burden and social loss leaving adverse effects on income level, firm costs, and inflation leading to welfare reduction. If one pays zakat or khoms without the intention to obey God, they are not clear from obligation. Conditions and characteristics of Islamic taxation [29] Islamic Sharia has considered several principles in determining the taxation system it adopts.

    This decreases the cost of tax collection considerably. The Koran defines this kind of taxation in verse no. Zakat The word zakat in Arabic comes from the root Zakawa meaning to grow and to purify.

    ANDISHE ESLAMI 2 PDF

    The Koran portions out this collected tax to six shares: The positive effect of taxes on the optimum efficiency of the labor force plus the increase of working hours contribute to the increase of labor supply.

    While secular systems spend much on collecting tax because of grand and complicated andisge organizations involved, the Islamic system of taxation enjoys the advantage of simplicity and economy.

    Classical economies resort to progressive tax increase in order to achieve faster adjustment andishhe income distribution. Combating stagnant capital and obstacles to economic creative activity is a factor present in the Islamic taxation andiehe. Effective factors in the formation of Islamic taxation system [30] 1.

    It is the right of the Muslim government to level the tax on individuals or on their estates and production as the situation requires.

    These taxes are called state-imposed tax. Tax must not leave adverse effects on economic activities for wealth production. The rent due to be paid was fixed through negotiation and varied depending on the fertility and the kind and level of production expected. So, tax in Islam partly aims at anddishe the problem of poverty and preventing huge class gaps.

    Andisheh Esslami 2 Tax on consumption, when one consumes more than their average needs, they fslami pay one fifth of the price of the goods and services consumed as tax. Sometimes, we classify them on the basis of the items liable to taxation.

    An instance of this kind is seen in tax on camel, cow, and sheep in some required minimum limits nisab. Islam pursues two aims in economics simultaneously; growth and justice. Redistribution of wealth and the adjustment of the share of different social groups and classes from the total national income in a fairer way are two important ends in the Islamic taxation system.

    Taxation has been a common phenomenon the world over.

    ANDISHE ESLAMI 2 PDF

    The tax due must be precise, obvious, and fixed with the payment time exactly determined. Some parts of tax may be spent by individuals personally without having been first collected by the government and piled up in the treasury.

    From the first point of view, they can be divided into the following four groups [26]: In old days, taxation on agricultural production and capitation were the two more common forms of tax. Financial fines religiously due as compensation for some sins one has committed and would like to repent from Kaffarat Mali and self-imposed obligations to give a gift or pay alms nudhurat are obligatory payments. As the revenue increases, the rate of tax decreases.

    Fixed tax includes zakat fitrah and some cases of jezyah and kharaj.

    Effective factors in the formation of Islamic taxation system [30] 1. In the Islamic taxation system, there are elements that encourage investment.

    This decreases the cost of tax collection considerably. It goes without saying that a believer understands that it is impossible to cheat and deceive God. Conditions and characteristics of Islamic taxation [29] Islamic Sharia has considered several principles in determining the taxation system it adopts. The reason is that the progressive increase rate is mild due to provisions for tax exempts and tax reliefs.

    Regional rulers were forced to pay tribute [3]. Their lands were called peace lands. Political Islam and Popular Order in Post-Revolutionary Iran Paying tax is considered a religious service and a kind of worship in the Islamic taxation system.

    In the Islamic taxation system, therefore, two mechanisms are deployed to block this escape; first, all taxes are direct so as to minimize the possibility of the transfer of tax burden; second, paying tax is not only a public obligation but also a religious duty. In ancient Persian Empire and Roman Empire too, various taxes were collected [4].

    Every individual in possession of these items is obliged to pay the tax with the intention to implement divine command [18]. Political Islam and Popular Order in Post-Revolutionary Iran According to the Koran and many hadiths, zakat is some money payable by an individual in order to purify him, help him with his deliverance, and help the needy financially. Sometimes, we classify taxes on the basis of rate and amount. In some eslamu, they fought the Muslim army but were defeated.

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